Martial arts cover a broad range of activities that involve fighting techniques,physical exercises and methods of mental discipline,among other skills.Martial arts originated in the ancient cultures of Asia and are used today around the world for self-defense,exercise,health,spiritual growth,law enforcement and other athletic competitons.
Qigong,one of the oldest systems that may be considered a martial art,is believed by some historians to be 5,000 years old or older than that ,originated in China.Martial Arts teach self-defense and can improve confidence and self-esteem.
When used as exercise,martial arts can improve balance,strength,stamina,flexibility and posture.They also enhance weight loss and improve muscle tone.On the mental level,martial arts can teach stress management,improve concentration and increase will power.
Martial arts have crossed over into sports.The Summer Olympics Games include judo,taekwondo,western archery,boxing,javelin,wrestling and fencing as events.Gatka,a traditional martial art,associated with Sikhism,is now recognized by the Govt. of India,as a National sport.